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Cardiovascular Disease

Cardiovascular disease or cardiovascular disorders refer to the group of conditions that disturb the functioning of the heart or the blood vessels. The arteries that provide blood to the heart are known as coronary arteries and the associated disease condition is called coronary artery disease. This is the most common type of heart disease and results from plaque deposition in the blood vessels that leads to incidents like heart attacks.


Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in diabetics. Coronary disease is a known cardiovascular disorder and diabetics are 2 to 4 times more likely to fall prey to it than non-diabetics. Some cardiovascular disease causes are:

  1. Increased plaque deposition on the walls of large coronary arteries which restrict blood supply to heart muscle.
  2. Effects on smaller blood vessels or microvasculature such as abnormalities arising due to autonomic neuropathy, thickening of capillaries interfering with transport and exchange functioning, changes due to hyperglycaemia
  3. Chronic inflammation, also associated with insulin resistance, obesity

Heart failure is another complication of cardiovascular disease, and is more likely to happen in diabetics compared to non-diabetics. In heart failure, the heart’s efficiency in pumping blood is decreased and as a result fluid gets deposited in extremities.


Heart attacks are the most known cardiovascular diseases and can present itself in multiple ways. Therefore, you should note the following:

  1. Pain or discomfort at the center or left side of the chest, that feels like squeezing, fullness or pain
    • Mostly it lasts for over a few minutes or goes away and comes back
    • It’s sometimes perceived as indigestion or heartburn
  2. Upper body discomfort – arms, back, neck, jaw, or upper part of the stomach
  3. Nausea, vomiting
  4. Light-headedness or dizziness
  5. Breaking out in cold sweat
  6. Insomnia
  7. Fatigue

Cardiovascular diabetes symptoms that are suggestive of heart failure include:

  1. Troubled breathing
  2. Fatigue
  3. Swelling in your ankles, feet, legs, abdomen, and neck veins

Factors that contribute to higher chances of heart failure are:

  1. Advancing age
  2. Presence of coronary heart disease (almost double risk)
  3. High BMI
  4. Poor sugar control
  5. Long duration of diabetes
  6. Use of insulin
  7. High diastolic BP


When it comes to cardiovascular disease prevention, there are some things you must actively undertake, in order for your cerebrovascular disease treatment to be successful. You can decrease your risk for cardiovascular disease or stroke by:

  1. Keeping blood sugar levels close to normal
  2. Eating healthy diet
  3. Checking cholesterol levels annually and maintaining yourself within targets
  4. Checking your blood pressure at every visit to your doctor and keeping it close to normal
  5. Quitting smoking
  6. Taking prescribed medicines
We would love to understand more about your concerns and experiences with diabetes. Do feel free to call us at our toll no or visit any of our diabetes care centers located near you

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